Long Haired Chihuahua

Long Haired Chihuahua Feature

The long-haired Chihuahua is an ancient dog breed that has a big heart and is fiercely loyal to people and protectors of their pack. They are the smallest dog in the world, weighing 3-6lb, and are one of the low-maintenance dog breeds with a lifespan of 15-20 years.

These vivacious little dogs take the world in their stride.

Chihuahuas come in all different shapes, colors, and coat types but, this article specifically focuses on the long hair chihuahua.

What are the differences between a smooth coat and long coat Chihuahua? What is it like to own one and what do you need to know before buying this dog?

Long Haired Chihuahua

Long Haired Chihuahua Profile
Size 6-9″ in height
Weight 3-6lb
Lifespan 15 – 20 years
Breed Type Toy
Purpose Companion
Suitable For Adult only houses
Color Variations Black, brown, tan, red, blue, white and cream
Temperament Loyal, loving, mischievous, tenacious and playful
Other Names Long Haired Chi

Long Haired Chihuahua Overview

Black Long Haired Chihuahua

Named after the state of Chihuahua (in Mexico), this little dog is the smallest in the world.

These dogs date back as far as 100 AD, although their ancestors the Techichi dog, dates back even further, being depicted in cave paintings as far back as 300 BC.

It is thought that Chihuahuas were bred for two purposes:

  1. To hunt rats and other small animals
  2. As a common delicacy in the 15th Century

Chihuahuas were first seen in America in the late 1800s when they moved up from Mexico.

Ever growing in popularity, these little dogs became a fashion accessory after being seen in the 2001 movie Legally Blonde – Elle Woods had a Chihuahua called Bruiser Woods.

There are two types of Chihuahua, the Apple headed and the Deer headed (more on this later).

The Chihuahua is recognized by the American Kennel Club in the toy dog breed category.

Long haired Chihuahuas are not recognized as a distinct dog breed, as they are grouped in with their shorter haired cousins.

Long Haired Chihuahua Puppies

Long Haired Chihuahua Puppies

Due to their popularity, and fashion status, Long Haired Chihuahuas are the unfortunate favorite of backyard breeders.

Backyard breeders (or puppy mills) are typically amateur or professional breeders who prioritize breeding puppies for profit as opposed to pedigree, health, and adherence to breed standards.

A purebred Long Haired Chihuahua puppy should cost between $500 to $1,500 USD. Your puppy should grow at approximately the following rate:

Male Female
Age Height(in) Weight(lb) Height(in) Weight(lb)
6 months 4 2 4 2
12 months 7 3 7 3
18 months 7 4 7 4

If your puppy does not grow at the typical rate, do not immediately worry. Long Haired Chihuahuas come in different shapes and sizes; so it is okay if they don’t conform to the suggested rate above, as long as they match the breed standard.

If your dog is severely over weight or under weight it is important to seek medical advice from a veterinarian where appropriate.

Long Haired Chihuahua Temperament

Characteristic Rating
Ease of Care
Exercise Requirements
Social Tendencies

The Long Haired Chihuahua dog is known for their loving and loyal nature. They are protective of their owners, loving them with every fibre of their being and are happiest when perched on their owner’s lap.

This devotion to their owns means they do not do well with being left alone for long periods of time, becoming quite rowdy and potentially destructive.

This, combined with the fact that they are notoriously difficult to housebreak, means they are best suited to homes who can give them the attention that they crave.

Because of their long coat, this dog is known for the way they carry themselves, gliding through rooms as the picture of poise and grace.

These fun-loving dogs are a great match for city living, thriving in smaller spaces. However, this being said they do not do so well with younger children.

Is This Dog Good With Children?

These dogs weigh only 6 lb, so it would not take a lot of force or pressure to accidentally injure these dogs. Consequently, these dogs do better in houses with teenagers and up, where play should be supervised.

Although they love to play, these dogs do have a short temper, and do not do well with rough play, which may result in barking at or nipping children.

Is This Dog Good With Other Pets?

In general, Chihuahuas are gentle and loving pets. When it comes to other animals, they have a very strong preference – other Chihuahuas!

If socialized from a young age they can get on with other pets, with older Chihuahuas preferring to live with other Chihuahuas.

If you are going to keep your dog with other pets, is important to remember that Chihuahua’s have quite a jealous streak if they feel they are not getting enough attention.

Does This Dog Suffer With Small Dog Syndrome?

Due to a Long Haired Chihuahuas small size, and protective nature, this dog may develop Small Dog Syndrome. This is a series of behaviors including:

  • Growling
  • Barking
  • Jumping
  • Snarling
  • Aggression

All of these behaviors would be corrected in larger dogs, but, are not in smaller dogs due to their size. Many of these behaviors seen together can make the dog difficult to live with.

To stop this from developing, set consistent boundaries for your dog and be sure to socialize them well.

Long Haired Chihuahua Care Guide (Feeding, Exercising, Grooming & Training)

Long Haired Chihuahua Dog

Food and Diet Requirements

Daily Food Consumption
Calories 200
Cups of Kibble One Bowl of Kibble Required per Day

Instead of eating one large meal a day, Chihuahuas should eat three or four smaller meals, this is the same for Long Haired Chihuahuas too.

Chihuahuas have a very fine bone structure, especially on their lower jaw, and so it is important to make sure they chew their food to maintain this structure.

When selecting a food for your dog, it is important to ensure you choose a food with low salt content.

High salt content foods will quickly dehydrate your tiny dog, resulting in a sick dog. Choosing food tailored to small dogs will help to eliminate this issue.

Try to pick grain free foods, as dog’s stomachs are not designed to process large quantities of wheat or barley.

For Chihuahuas that love to chew you may want to consider giving dental sticks. Or you could try a raw lamb or beef bone for 15 minutes a day – not only does this keep their little jaws busy, but, it is a very nutritious snack that acts as a natural toothbrush.

Exercising a Chihuahua

Daily Exercise Requirements
Minutes 20 to 30 minutes
Activity Level This is a low activity dog breed

A Long Haired Chihuahua will love to be active and is always up for playing.

Their little legs mean they may be fully exercised from just following their human around all day, but, this is no substitute for a walk.

Try to walk your dog for around half an hour each day, split into two smaller walks.

When walking your dog, be sure to use a harness (as opposed to a collar) as too much pressure on the neck can case tracheal collapse.

It is also advisable to keep your Chihuahua on a leash whilst out walking, these dogs have a strong urge to chase, which once it has kicked in, can make re-call very difficult.

Due to their small size, this dog can get cold very quickly, so they tend to not do as well in colder climates as other dogs.

The Long Haired Chihuahua loves to play games like hide and seek, as finding their owner and getting love and attention can be very exciting for these dogs.

Training Requirements

Chihuahua Dog

Don’t let their small size and cute face fool you, the Long Haired Chihuahua is a very smart and stubborn dog.

Without correct training and boundaries, these dogs will run riot in your home.

Before bringing your dog home, sit down with all members of the family and establish your dog’s personal boundaries:

  • Will your dog be allowed on the furniture, including the beds in the bedrooms?
  • Where will your pup sleep at night, will they be allowed in the bedroom or do they sleep in the kitchen?
  • What time will your pup be fed, and how many times a day?

Most dogs do well with routine and consistency, dogs that do not have these boundaries may develop small dog syndrome.

Try using a clicker with your dog to utilize your dog’s natural intelligence. Long haired Chihuahuas are naturally playful and curious, so using a clicker is a sure-fire way to capture your dog’s attention.

On top of this, Chihuahua’s thrive on touch, so be sure to use this to praise your dog as well using verbal cues and food rewards.

Health Issues

The biggest concern with the Long Haired Chihuahua is the propensity to develop Patellar Luxation.

This is a condition that impacts the ability to move the knee joint correctly, resulting in other conditions such as osteoarthritis.

Depending on the severity of the Patellar Luxation condition, it can either be treated through medication or in more extreme cases, surgery.

Due to their smaller size, these dogs are at risk of developing hypoglycaemia, or low blood sugar.

This condition may develop because you dog does not have enough muscle mass in their small body to hold enough energy.

Consequently, this condition can be managed by feeding your dog smaller meals frequently throughout the day, and by purchasing a dog food specifically tailored to smaller dogs.

As previously mentioned, chihuahuas have a very soft bone structure, including their lower jaw, so their teeth need regular dental check-ups with a veterinarian.

There is also potential that a Long haired could develop any of the following conditions:

  • Pulmonic Stenosis
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Heart Murmur
  • Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

Despite this, Long Haired Chihuahuas are known for living long happy, and healthy lives, with an average life expectancy between 15 and 20 years. Unlike their cousins, Teacup Chihuahuas, which are prone to having health problems just because of their size.

Long Haired Chihuahua Appearance: Coat, Color and Grooming

Long Haired Chihuahua Portrait

The Chihuahua is a small dog, a toy breed recognized by the American Kennel Club, weighing around 6lb.

They have large, triangular ears, a short muzzle and bright, intelligent eyes. Their legs and tail are proportional to their body.

When it comes to head shape, you can get two types:

  1. Apple headed
  2. Deer headed

Apple headed Chihuahuas
Apple head Chihuahua is the type of Chihuahua seen on the breed standard. Their muzzles meet their forehead at a 90-degree angle creating that classic L shape.

This results in their eyes bugling out of their head slightly to create that classic chihuahua face.

Deer headed Chihuahuas
Deer head Chihuahua has a slightly longer snout, and a softer degree angle where their muzzle meets their forehead, around 45 degrees.

This type of Chihuahua is not recognised by the AKC but is no less prestigious.

Pair of Two Long Haired Chihuahua Dogs

The Long Haired Chihuahua can be black, brown, tan, red, blue, white, and cream. They can also have bi or even tri colored coats.

Grooming a Long Haired Chihuahua

When handling young Chihuahuas, it is important to take care around their molera (i.e. soft spot). This is the equivalent of a fontanelle in young child.

This essentially means that in their first few weeks of life, their skull may be soft, but it should harden with time. Care should be taken while handling these fragile puppies.

Because of their coat type, it is important that their long hair is brushed regularly (at least twice a week) to avoid matting.

Try using a metal slicker brush or comb to brush through their long hair and smooth coat.

A strange trait that is relatively unique to this breed is that they tend to shed their hair in clumps as opposed to individual hairs. This makes them relatively easy to clean up after, as all the hair is in one small hairball.

Long hair Chihuahuas do not need a lot of bathing (as this can dry out their skin), try not to bathe them unless they are particularly dirty, or flea ridden. When bathing, be sure not to get any water in their ears.

Summary: Should You Get a Long Haired Chihuahua

Short Haired Chihuahua Dog
Pictured – three Short Haired Chihuahua Puppies.

If you are looking for a little dog with a big heart, the Long Haired Chihuahua could be the one for you.

They need lots of attention (in the forms of fuss, positive praise, exercise and grooming) so make sure you have a lot of time to dedicate to your canine companion. Thus, don’t mistake this breed for a lap dog since they don’t enjoy being carried and cuddled so much as being active. Long haired toy Chihuahua will certainly enjoy participating in dog sports.

This may not be the dog for you if you are away from home a lot or if you have young children at home.

If you like the sound of a Chihuahua, but, aren’t 100%, consider getting a Chihuahua mix. These mixed breed dogs combine the best of both worlds.

Perhaps the sassiness of the Chihuahua combined with the comedy of the Pug to create the Pughuahua? Or the playful nature of the Dachshund to create the Chiweenie?

Do you have a cheeky Chihuahua at home? Are you thinking about getting one? Feel free to let us know your thoughts by leaving us a comment in the comments section below.

About John Woods 291 Articles
John Woods is the founder of All Things Dogs, member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers, graduate in Animal Behavior & Welfare and recognized author by the Dog Writers Association of America.


  1. I owned a short hair named Rosie who passed a few years back! She was a handful and a delight and as you’ve mentioned very smart. I am now 83 and have a hearing problem. Rosie would let me know when the phone was ringing, someone was at the door, and quite protective. I am looking for another but would like a longhair and don’t know where to start nor who to trust but I’m sure I’ll find what I’m looking for.

  2. Thank you so much for your comments above! I love our Chiweenie- black, long haired with huge ears. She is funny, sassy and into mischief on a frequent basis if she can. Her ‘brother’ at home is a Choodle ( Chi Tzu + poodle mix ) muscular at 24 lb. She bosses him. She plays ninja with him by shooting in from various angles to hold his ears or hang from his whiskers. Since my husband just died, they have been grieving too, but always find time to just be with me!

  3. I want to get a Chihuahua and I have several family members who have them and I’ve always loved them; I want one of my own! I am looking for a long hair chi-poo or other long hair mix to love me and be a kind of service dog. I understand they are very good at that; I am actively looking to get one asap if anyone has any leads (I live in Portland OR.).

  4. I have a long hair chi that is around 1 year. She is losing hair at a rapid rate and is almost bald in places. Do they blow their coats like some other breeds?

  5. We have two long coat chi and they are the center of our universe. Our Lucy is two and she is so loving, and quirky. Our Pepe’ is 5 months old. He is so sweet and loves life. I would recommend this breed to anyone who loves a constant companion.

  6. I have a long haired Pomchi, and looks very similar to the strawberry blonde dog you have on this website. She’s 12 pounds. My biggest challenge with her is piddling when she’s excited, scared or anxious. My husband has to walk in the house backwards to try to prevent her piddling out of excitement. Any suggestions?

    • Hi Prabha,

      How old is your Pomchi? Is she house-trained the rest of the time? Have you been to see your Veterinarian to rule out any health issues that could be causing the loss of control?

      Does your dog show any other anxious behaviors? Have you tried partitioning her into another room so she’s not directly in contact when you walk through the door?

      Then when she’s calm, let her approach you? Here you are helping her manage her emotions.

  7. I have a dog who I adopted back in September I’m not sure what his breed is although when I got him I was told he was LH Chi.

  8. Almost four years ago my wife found a LH Chi playing in traffic near our home. After six weeks looking for an owner, he was already member of our family. Our vet said he was probably around 2 years old at the time. He was everything mentioned above, wide open, a pain and a delight.

  9. I’ve had Shi Tzu’s for the last 20 years. I did not like the constant grooming cost, other than that amazing dogs!

  10. Our local Humane Society received 12 Chihuahuas surrendered from a home containing 29. One of these was a pregnant female that whelped two days later. I adopted One of the pups, my Louie, and he is the only long haired puppy in the litter of 5. I assumed I was getting a Chi mix but after asking about it I’m finding that he is more than likely full blood Chi as those were the only breed kept in the home. Comparing his photo with that of long coat Chihuahua pups he is an exact match. At 10 weeks he is already full of personality and energy. I’ve never had a dog this small but he likely will be a larger size than breed standard. At 10 weeks he is just over 3 pounds. I enjoyed your article and information offered here. Let the fun begin!

    • My dog according to the rescue and vet thought was a Pom-Chi. After doing a dna test on him he’s pure chihuahua. Obviously a long haired, but they think he came from a hoarder home. He matches ALL of the descriptions in this article and looks SO much like the dog in the picture I’m not convinced it isn’t him. He’s so great, but also can be a handful lol.

  11. I have a tri-color long haired chihuahua and she is considered tea-cup or miniature chihuahua. She is now 15 years old and is my best friend, she’s my baby girl and my life revolves around her. She is not difficult to care for at all. She is also very attached to me and that’s what I love. We know each other. I work from home so we are rarely separated. I explain to her in a calm loving voice as I put her in my bed, that Mama will be back. If we go on vacation I always bring her. My husband is amazing with her. She sleeps in our king sized bed in an area between us at the head of the bed with a special soft dog bed. I believe these little dogs deserve to be loved and cherished. When they are loved, they give back so much love back to you.

  12. I have a chocolate brown long hair Chi he is 8 lbs and a deer head. He looks like a little fox. Cheech is 5 and loves his brother Flash a JR Terrier. He has no papers, he was gotten from a man that used to bring his adult Chi’s to the park. I only saw him twice the second time he had the pairs two pups. $100 got the fluff ball. And he has been a joy. The only thing I say with them, people tend to tease them, because they act fearse and they will develop a bad disposition, only caused by the human.

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