The Miniature Bulldog is a compact little hybrid dog bred from an English Bulldog and a Pug.
Known for being small, but full of loyalty and affection, they have low body, broad shoulders and a large head.
They are also a brachycephalic breed, which refers to their skull shape.
This, alongside their excess skin, means they are at risk of a couple of heath issues that potential owners may want to be aware of (all of of which will be discussed later).
For the last hundred years or so, both parent breeds of the Mini Bulldog have been bred for companionship; making them the ideal family pet.
Their small size, affectionate nature and low maintenance exercise requirements also makes them suitable to young families and novice first-time owners.
So, let’s take a look at what happens when we cross two of the most popular dog breeds of modern society.
What Is A Miniature Bulldog?
The Mini Bulldog is a mix between a purebred English Bulldog and a Pug.
You should not confuse this hybrid with the English Miniature Bulldog, or Toy Bulldog (which is just a selectively bred small English Bulldog).
This crossbreed is just one, of many, resulting hybrids from the designer dog trend; where many purebred dogs were crossed with each other to create different mixes for various purposes, looks and characteristics.
In this particular case, the characteristics of this dog are calm and loyal pet who adores the company of human companions.
Kennel Club Recognition and Pedigree
Due to its calm-nature, and strong attachments to human owners, this small to medium sized hybrid is typically kept as a companion pet.
As they are a crossbreed, the Miniature Bulldog is not registered by the American Kennel Club or the Kennel Club (UK), but, they are acknowledged as a mix by the following organizations:
- American Canine Hybrid Club
- Designer Dogs Kennel Club
- Dog registry of America
As the Miniature Bulldog is quite a recent dog breed, there are no breed-specific rescue organizations set up for them.
However, there will be many similar small and sweet-natured crossbreeds and purebreds alike in local animal shelters.
Similarly, as they haven’t been around for a long time, there is not yet an official breed club for the Miniature Bulldog. A quick search on social media pages will quickly return groups for other like-minded lovers.
Breed Origin Of The English Bulldog and Pug
The English Bulldog was first mentioned as a breed in 1631 in England where they were used for the sport of Bullbaiting.
This was where onlookers would place bets on either ‘Bulldog’ to see which would be the first to pin a tethered bull to the floor by its nose; other breeds such as Pitbulls were also used for this sport.
This was a highly dangerous sport and resulted in many canine injuries and deaths which led to its ban in 1835 under the Cruelty to Animals Act.
As a result, Bulldogs were no longer used in England for such events but were continued to be kept as family pets.
In the US, during the mid-1800s, Bulldogs were trained to hold a bull by the nose (long enough for the bull to be caught by a rope).
They were first acknowledged by the American Kennel Club in 1886.
Pugs are historically from China, where they were bred as companion pets and often kept by royalty and guarded by soldiers!
They later spread to other parts of the world, including Europe (where they continued to be kept as companion dogs by high ranking nobleman and royalty) during the 16th and 17th centuries.
Finally they were seen in America during the 19th century.
They were first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.
With both parents having a detailed pedigree and history, the Mini Bulldog on the other hand is a very recent crossbreed with a very limited history.
Like many designer dog breeds, the very first litter can rarely be established.
It is believed that the Miniature Bulldog was a result of the Designer Dog breed trend of the 1980 and 90s.
|Mini Bulldog Info|
|Size||12 to 16″ to the withers|
|Weight||20 to 45 pounds|
|Lifespan||9 – 13 years|
|Breed Type||Mixes and More|
|Suitable For||Families, Novice Owners, Smaller Homes|
|Color Variations||White, Black, Silver, Fawn, Bindle|
|Temperament||Loyal, Affectionate, Playful, Stubborn|
|Other Names||Bull Pug, Mini Bulldog|
Miniature Bulldog Mix Puppies
Miniature Bullldogs are a very new dog breed, so consequently they are rare.
Pugs produce on average 4-6 puppies a litter, though it can actually range from anywhere between 1-9 puppies (both of which are considered a healthy litter size).
English Bulldogs tend to have slightly larger litters, averaging at 7 puppies per litter, but this can range from 3-12 puppies.
Therefore, depending on the size of the mother, a typical litter is likely to consist of between 5-7 puppies.
You could expect a Miniature Bulldog puppy to cost anywhere around $1,000 USD.
Pugs usually reach full maturity at around 18 months old, but English Bulldogs are much slower at developing.
English Bulldogs usually reach full maturity at around three years of age; much later than most other dog breeds.
Therefore, a Miniature Bulldog is likely to reach maturity somewhere between 18-36 months.
Below is a growth chart for this puppy from 8 weeks to 12 months. It should be noted that, due to the huge weight different between the English Bulldog and the Pug, there can be a huge variation:
|Age (month)||Size (lb)|
|2||7 to 20|
|3||10 to 22|
|6||12 to 30|
|9||12 to 40|
|12||13 to 43|
Miniature Bulldog Temperament
A dog’s behavior is heavily influenced by environmental factors as well as genetic and it becomes even more blurred with mixed breed dogs.
There is no guarantee what a Mini Bulldog’s temperament is going to be like, but there are a couple of indicators which you can look out for:
- Both parent breeds have been bred primarily as companion pets and so are highly unlikely to have a strong prey drive.
- Despite the English Bulldog’s past, their levels of aggression towards other animals is likely to be thoroughly dampened.
- Their strong attachment to their human owner may mean they are a little needy. This could potentially lead to some barking or whining for attention.
A prospective owner should have no concerns that their Miniature Bulldog will be aggressive to humans or other animals providing they are socialized appropriately as a puppy.
Overall, the Miniature Bulldog is genetically set to be a friendly dog, confident in themselves and able to distinguish between a safe and threatening situation.
Compatibility with Families
Both parent breeds have long since been bred as companion pets and so are very social with humans, often forming very strong bonds with their owner.
English Bulldogs and Pugs both thoroughly enjoy the company of humans and are very affectionate to children of all ages.
This puts the Miniature Bulldog in good stead to also inherit these values, and their smaller size will also mean they are perfectly suitable for younger children as well.
With strangers, Pugs generally remain very friendly, whereas the Bulldogs may be a little more cautious and then likely ignorant.
Either way, there is very low chance of aggression or protectiveness around strangers.
Compatibility with Pets
Learning how to interact with new dogs is a vital concept for a Mini Bulldog puppy to learn at a young age; this will help to prevent shyness or fearful encounters with strange dogs when they are older.
Neither parent breed has a particular wariness of new dogs, but, any canine will require that all important socialization during puppyhood.
This helps them learn how to communicate with other dogs when they are older.
Of course, every individual dog is different and their compatibility is often influenced by their experience, so providing your Bulldog is socialized and exposed to strangers, other dogs and other family pets whilst they are a puppy, you should have no problem raising a friendly and affectionate dog.
It is difficult too be sure of the personality of a Miniature Bulldog.
This is because, as a hybrid mix, they can inherit a variety of characteristics from either of the parent breeds – good and bad!
Generally speaking, Mini Bulldogs are likely to be a friendly little dog, forming strong bonds with their owners, but, they may act aloof towards new canine friends.
They are prone to being a little stubborn in the training department, but will more than likely win back your heart with their affection and loyalty.
Mini Bulldog Size and Appearance
As the Miniature Bulldog is a cross between a Pug and English Bulldog, their size can vary greatly.
Both males and females can be anywhere between the range of 20-45 lb; this depends on the size and genes they inherit from each parent.
Unsurprisingly, their height is also variable, standing between 12-16 inches to the withers for both males and females.
They will likely come under the classification of a small breed dog, or medium if it exceeds 40lbs.
The Miniature Bulldog has quite a muscular body, with broad shoulders and a pronounced round head.
This often gives them a ‘stubby’ look as they have short legs and a rounded body.
They have small floppy ears and a wrinkly face.
Their brachycephalic skull gives them the flat face look with a squished nose.
Occasionally, the Mini Bulldog may also have an underbite where the lower jaw and teeth protrude out in front of the upper set of teeth.
Usually, a Miniature Bulldog will be a mix of two of the following color combinations:
The Miniature Bulldog has a short, smooth coat which is quite dense.
They do not shed excessively but are more of a low to moderate shedder. For this reason, they do not require massive amounts of grooming.
A rubber mitt can be used once a week to remove any excess hair and keep their coat healthy and clean.
They are unlikely to require a full groom with clipping or trimming as their coat rarely becomes long enough to require tidying up.
Instead, weekly brushing to keep the coat healthy will suffice and a good bath as and when they need it will also be appropriate.
Sometimes their wrinkled skin means they become a bit smelly, in which case a decent bath, with some sensitive skin doggy shampoo, will be ideal in getting them pampered and smelling nice again.
Nail clipping should occur when necessary to prevent them from becoming too long and causing the dog pain.
Tooth Brushing can be introduced as a puppy, otherwise it may be difficult to train to an older dog – especially with their stubborn streak!
Alternatively, abrasive dental chews can be used as part of their diet to minimize tartar build up and reduce the risk of gum disease.
Caring For A Miniature Bulldog
The Miniature Bulldog does not require an abundance of exercise, nor do they have a particularly strict grooming regime.
Due to their smaller size and low maintenance care, they are well suited to novice owners and people who live in apartments or small houses.
Food and Dietary Requirements
|Daily Food Consumption|
|Cups of Kibble|
A good quality kibble twice a day (once in the morning and evening) is suitable for a Mini Bulldog.
Some dry food companies produce breed specific kibble, either for the Pug or English Bulldog.
This type of kibble may also suit your Miniature Bulldog as they often use additives to remedy common health problems of the breed (more on this later).
Fussy eaters may also enjoy some wet food accompanying their dry kibble to make the meal more appetizing.
|Daily Exercise Requirements|
|Minutes||30 to 45 minutes|
Unlike other high exercise dogs, walking your Miniature Bulldog isn’t exactly a strenuous task.
These dogs require around a 30 minute walk every day or a short walks combined with some interactive playtime.
Their walks should occur everyday, but not be too excessive as they are prone to over-heating due to their brachycephalic skull shape making it difficult to breathe if they overexert themselves.
A calm walk in the park (on the leash if they are excitable) is best for this mix so they can explore at their own pace.
Training A Bulldog
Miniature Bulldogs can be known to be a little stubborn; this can sometimes make training a little tricky.
The key to this is consistency and patience.
Positive reinforcement is the only training method to employ when training your dog (rewarding them for correct behavior, and redirecting undesirable behaviors).
This crossbreed forms a very strong attachment with their owners, so barking for attention should be ignored… otherwise, they will soon learn that the second they bark, they will get attention from their human.
Miniature Bulldogs still require mental stimulation, particularly in smaller houses but not activities which require lots of exercise and running around.
Kong chews, and puzzle feeders, are a great way of keeping your dog distracted and entertained whilst you are away.
Known Health Problems
The Miniature Bulldog’s lifespan ranges from 9-13 years.
There are a few medical conditions which this dog breed is at risk of developing; due to their parent breeds:
- Respiratory Issues – due to their brachycephalic shaped skull and excess skin, Miniature Bulldogs are highly likely to suffer from respiratory issues as these are very common in both of the parent breeds. Care should be taken to not let the dog overheat or overexert themselves.
- Birthing Issues – They are likely to be born via cesarean section (which is usually the case for their purebred parents) as there is usually a mismatch between the size of the puppy and the size of the dog’s birth canal.
- Skin Issues – Excess skin with lots of folds is not only a risk factor for overheating but also can cause sensitive skin which may become irritable. A Mini Bulldog should be monitored for excessive itching and irritability.
The Miniature Bulldog is a well-suited dog breed for novice owners, young families, or people living in a small houses or apartments.
This Mini Bulldog is a stout and sturdy compact bundle of love.
They are a very loving and affectionate breed who may even be a little on the needy side!
Their grooming and exercise requirements are very low maintenance, although mental stimulation is vital if living in an apartment to prevent boredom.
Training may be a little challenging, due to their stubborn streak, positive reinforcement and consistency in training will produce a well-rounded loyal dog, perfect for all the family.
Could this dog be the latest addition to your home? Let us know what you think in the comments below.