The Complete Long Haired Dachshund Dog Breed Guide

Long Haired Dachshund Feature

Both short and long, the Dachshund might be one of the strangest looking dogs you can find, but, they are also one of the cutest.

However, do not underestimate their smaller size, no one told this dog they are only 14 inches in height!

These tenacious and funny dogs will fill your home with their presence, bringing love and laughter wherever they go.

Whilst all are wonderful, the long haired Dachshund is undeniably the cutest.

But how is this variation different from their short haired siblings? Keep on reading to find out.

What Is A Long Haired Dachshund?

Long Haired Dachshund Portrait
Originally bred to hunt badgers, in larger groups this dog would bring down wild boar.

This dog breed was first seen in Germany in the 17th century, although ancestors of the Dachshund can be seen as far back as the 15th century. But, this is hotly debated as some scholars believe this breed’s ancestry dates back to ancient Egypt.

Dachs is German for “Badger” and Hund means “dog”, so this dog’s name gives us a clue about their purpose!

While Dachshund is a modern German word used worldwide, back in Germany these pooches are more commonly called Teckel or Dackel.

Breed Origin

Sausage dogs were originally a smooth-haired and short-coat dog breed. There are several theories about how long haired Dachshund dogs came to be.

The most popular theory suggests that smooth-haired litters would on occasion naturally produce a long-haired puppy, which was then selectively bred from.

A second theory suggests that a short haired Doxie was bred with Water Spaniels to breed a dog with a long, silky coat.

This theory may explain the slight temperament changes we see in the long-haired Dachshund (more on this later).

Kennel Club Recognition

Like this dog breed’s origin, there is also debate around how to classify the Teckel.

Some argue that he is a hound dog, as they follow a scent in a similar way to a bloodhound.

However, others argue they have more terrier-like tendencies.

The American Kennel Club classifies them as a hound, while the World Canine Federation classifies them in a unique breed classification just for these guys.

Despite having multiple classifications with major kennel clubs, this dog does have its own breed club. The Dachshund Club of America was established in 1895 and their mission is to promote and educate the public on the wonders of the breed.

Long Haired Dachshund
Size 14 inches
Weight 16 – 32 pounds
Lifespan 12 – 15 years
Breed Type Hound
Purpose Hunting Badgers
Suitable For Experienced Owners
Color Black And Tan, Tan, Red, Cream, Brindle and Piebald
Temperament Free-Spirited, Intelligent, Quick-Witted, Affectionate and Sassy
Other Sausage Dog, Weiner, Weinie dog, Dackel, Teckel and Doxie

Long Haired Dachshund Puppy

Yellow Dachshund

The Dachshund will typically reach physical maturity between 12 and 18 months.

However, they don’t mentally mature until 18 to 24 months, meaning they may retain like puppy-like tendencies for up to two years.

A long haired Dachshund puppy will cost on average between $200 and $1,000 USD.

If you would prefer to adopt this breed, the Dachshund Club of America (listed above) runs an adoption scheme.

Long Haired Dachshund Dog Temperament

Dachshund Lying Down

While Doxie dogs are many things, quiet is not one of them!

These little guys love a good chat and are quick to bark at passing cars, people, cats… pretty much anything, this may be something to consider if you have neighbors in proximity.

Bred to be hunting dogs they have maintained a very strong prey drive and are often found with their nose to the ground tracking one sent or another.

Due to their natural tendency to dig, your Dachshund may enjoy burrowing in blankets or bedding, especially when tired.

However, this same tendency to dig can also mean destruction for your garden!

One way to get around this is to offer your dog a sandbox filled with dirt that they can dig in. This can also be useful for games, owners can bury treats, toys, bones or anything else they don’t mind getting dirty and encourage their dog to dig it up.

Personality

Characteristic Rating
Friendliness
Confidence
Protectiveness
Prey Drive
Social Tendencies

Dachshund dogs are an independent and intelligent breed of dog.

They are known to have playful personalities, but they are also known for having quite a stubborn streak.

While still just as bold and daring as their standard short haired siblings, the long haired Dachshund is said to have a calmer temperament.

As a breed, they have some of the biggest characters in the dog world, and are totally devoted to their owners.

When left alone frequently, this breed can become distressed, and will often chew on furniture to cope. This is also something to carefully consider when purchasing this breed.

More and more frequently, these canines are known to be aggressive towards other people and dogs.

Early socialization will help somewhat to combat this behavior, but a key point to remember is that, this breed is a working dog first, not a companion.

Allowing them to experience life beyond a hand-bag or couch is key to their healthy development.

Compatibility with Families

Pair Of Long Haired Dachshunds
On the left, a short haired Dachshund. On the right, a long-haired.

Provided they are introduced whilst young, Doxie puppies can fit quite happily into family life.

When young children have friends over, play should be supervised for two reasons:

  1. Your pooch may not take to new children as quickly
  2. Roughhousing may result in injury to their long backs, and as a result, adult supervision is required to make sure play is safe

While some of these dogs can coexist peacefully with cats and other household pets, the majority will chase them around the house, barking loudly.

If you have other household pets, this breed will need to be introduced to them young and given lots of socialization early in order to reduce stress and chasing.

While they do not do very well with other household pets, this breed is known to do very well with canine brothers and sisters.

Dachshund Size & Appearance

Dachshund Size
It is important to note that there are also two sizes of long haired Dachshund pooches (standard and miniature).

This canine is considered to be a small to medium sized pooch.

Regardless of their coat (i.e. long or short haired), all Dachshund dog are the same size. There is no set height range for the Sausage Dog, but they must stand under 14 inches.

According their breed standard, this dog should weigh between 16 and 32 lb.

Appearance

It isn’t hard to spot a Dachshund!

Their iconic and comedic body type is known by all in the doggie-world. Their short stumpy legs, long nose and body makes them easy to spot.

Weiners also have loose skin, this would have been of benefit while burrowing after badgers.

Long haired Dachshund dogs have an added layer of intrigue due to their long flowing coats. Their long, soft hair easily sets them apart from short haired or wire haired.

Color

Most commonly this breed is seen with a combination of black and tan fur. However, added flecks of grey, white, red or brown are also common.

These pooches may also be red, tan, brindle or piebald.

Coat

The long haired Dachshund has a soft and straight coat. It is longer on the ears, chest, stomach and has some feathering on the tail and back of the legs.

Their coat is straight and soft to the touch; this is one of the two key distinctions between their wire haired siblings who have a rough to the touch and and curly coat.

There is some confusion about if long haired variations have a double coat.

This stems from the fact that wire haired Dachshund dogs have double coats, all other variations of the breed have a single coat.

Grooming

These gorgeous longer coats come with a high price-tag!

Ideally, grooming should be done every day for these little guys. Paying special attention to the longer hair on the ears, back of the legs and tail.

Using a slicker brush, or metal comb, can help you get into their thick coat and remove any tangles or shed hair. While they may act like drama queens full of spunk, these pooches have a sensitive side so be sure to be gentle whilst doing this.

It is generally advised that you bathe your dog every three months or so. A good rule of thumb to follow is that if they start to smell, they need a bath!

As with other little dogs, they are prone to dental issues, and consequently regular toothbrushing is essential.

If your canine does not tolerate this, using a natural toothbrush (i.e. dog chews) is also an option.

While long haired breeds do not need full body clipping, trimming the hair around the belly and bottoms of the feet may stop debris tangling in the fur.

Dachshund Dog Care Guide

Dachshund Dog

Highly adaptable dogs, you must make sure you can meet their needs from both a grooming and exercise perspective.

They are well suited to pretty much anyone! However, due to the potential for injury, they are best suited to homes that are all on one floor (e.g. flats or bungalows).

Food and Dietary Requirements

Daily Food Consumption
Guide 1,000 calories
Cups of Kibble Three Bowls of Kibble Required per Day

Standard sized Dachshunds need around 2.5 cups of food daily. This amount is variable dependent on your individual canine’s needs.

However much you feed them, this should be split into two meals of around 1¼ cups, and where possible kept to a schedule to incorporate a routine into your dog’s lifestyle.

If you would prefer to feed your dog a kibble feed, be sure to pick a feed formulated for smaller breeds (this will better suit their smaller mouths and teeth as opposed to standard kibble).

Dachshunds also do well on raw diet too.

Occasionally they can be fussy eaters so you may wish to sample a variety of foods and see which one is best for your dog.

To prevent obesity but to still treat your dog, you may wish to incorporate fruits and vegetables into the diet to reward your dog.

Exercise Requirements

Daily Exercise Requirements
Minutes 30 minutes
Activity Level This is a medium activity dog breed

For their smaller size, this is a very active breed.

They do very well in all environments, provided they get enough time to run and play outside.

On average, these guys need around 60 minutes of exercise each day. However, to avoid injuring their longer spinal cords, several, shorter, 20-minute walks are preferable.

Known for being especially stubborn, especially when on a scent trail, keeping your dog on a lead until they have good recall may be beneficial, both for you and your pup.

If for any reason you are unable to get out and walk, occasionally you may be able to substitute a longer play session. Known for being very playful dogs they will happily play tug-of-war or fetch.

When they are puppies, it is especially important that they get an appropriate amount of exercise and avoid over-walking.

Over-walking can lead to muscular-skeletal issues.

A good rule of thumb is to walk them for around 5 minutes for every month they have lived. For example, a nine-month old puppy will need 45 minutes of exercise a day.

Training

If you are looking for an easy dog who is something of a yes man, the long haired Dachshund is not the dog for you.

Independent, intelligent and stubborn, this canine is almost smart enough to decide not to do things.

Owners of this breed often joke that “the quickest way to your dog’s head is through their stomach”. Using your Dachshund’s favorite food as an incentive is a surefire way to encourage positive learning.

Dachshunds need a consistent handler when training. This does not mean loud and aggressive, but instead, patient and rewarding.

If you feel yourself becoming frustrated when training, take a step back, as these dogs do not do well with being shouted at.

One key point to tackle early on with your canine is toilet training. As a breed type, they are known to be notoriously difficult to house train. Consider crate training them while you are not home to prevent incidents.

Health Problems

Provided they are well cared for, Dachshunds can live between 12 and 15 years.

While the long haired Dachshund is generally very healthy, there are several health issues they are prone to developing.

The most common condition is Intervertebral Disc Disease which is common in this breed due to their long spines, small legs and rib cages (approximately 25% of Doxies will develop IVDD).

IVDD is worsened by obesity, rough handling or intense exercise, and consequently these factors will need to be managed in order to help prevent the condition in your pooch.

As with other small breeds, the Sausage dog is prone to Patellar Luxation, where the knee joint temporarily dislocates.

This is characterized by a slight “hop” when walking. Depending on the severity of the condition, it can be managed either through pain medication or surgery.

Summary

While they definitely appear small and cute, the long haired Dachshund can be a rather challenging pet.

When socialized correctly they are even tempered and loving, however they can also be stubborn and demanding.

This is less likely with long haired variations, due to their slightly calmer nature, however it is still possible.

They are a highly adaptable breed and are one of the only breeds that can be found as king of the castle in both the city and the suburbs.

Dachshunds can do well in homes with children if introduced to them as puppies. However, they tend to prefer adult-only environments.

Do you have a dazzling pooch at home? Let us know about them and leave us a comment below.

John Woods Autho Bio Picture
John Woods is the founder of All Things Dogs, member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers, graduate in Animal Behavior & Welfare and recognized author by the Dog Writers Association of America.

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