Texas Heeler: 14 Facts You Never Knew About The Texas Cattle Dog

Originally from Texas, the Texas Heeler, is stealing the hearts of thousands of families and people across America.

This dog has a stable temperament, great intelligence, working pedigree and a beautiful appearance!

Highly adaptable, this dog adjusts well in many different environments, making them an excellent family pet and working dog.

Since the release of Far Cry 5 (in 2018), which featured a Texas Heeler named Boomer, interest in this breed has been growing.

What is there to know about this vivacious crossbreed? Here are 14 must know facts about them.

1. The Texas Heeler Is Not A Purebred Dog

Texas Cattle Dog

This dog is a cross between an Australian Cattle Dog and an Australian Shepherd.

Their unusual name comes from their origin and the Australian Cattle Dog’s nickname (Heeler).

The Heeler nickname comes from their tendency to nip at the cattle’s heels to encourage the direction of their movement as they herd them.

There are two different types of Australian Cattle Dog, and so there are two different types of Heelers:

  • The Original Cattle Dog, originating from New South Wales
  • The Queensland Heelers, who are a variant in this line from the 1940s

Regardless of which Australian Cattle dog is mated with an Australian Shepherd, both are a Texas Heeler!

2. The Appearance Of A Texas Heeler Is A Lottery

Three Heeler Dogs
Three Texas Heeler dogs sitting, each as different as the next.

This dog is a medium sized breed, typically the Texas Heeler size is between 17 and 22 inches tall, they can be much lankier than their parent breeds.

More often than not, they have the stature of the Australian Cattle Dog.

Their coats are usually short to medium in length and can be: black, blue merle, red, white or tan.

They generally have upright, pricked ears, but they can be folded like the Australian Shepherd Dog.

Normally, this dog has big eyes and a generally happy expression.

Their tail may be bobbed like the Australian Cattle Dog or long like the Australian Shepherd.

While it is easy to make predictions about their appearance, it is important to note that the appearance of each individual Texas Heeler is something of a lottery.

Due to the parent breeds’ genetics, you may get two dogs which look distinctly different.

This can even be seen with Texas Heeler puppies, some in the litter will look more like an Australian Cattle Dog, whilst some more like an Australian Shepherd.

3. Genetics Are Important For This Dog

Texas Heeler Panting
This is not a purebred dog. It is a cross between an Australian Shepherd and a Red Heeler

Not only are there two potential variations of one parent breed (Original Cattle Dog or Queensland Heelers), but there are multiple genetic generations of the Texas Heeler:

  1. An F1 is the first generation of Heelers and is bred from a purebred Australian Cattle Dog and Australian Shepherd
  2. A F1B is a first generation (F1) backcrossed with either an Australian Cattle Dog or an Australian Shepherd Dog
  3. A F2 is two first generations (F1) mated together

This is better illustrated in the table below:

Generation Parent Breed
F1 Australian Shepherd Australian Cattle Dog
F1B F1 Texas Heeler Australian Cattle Dog OR Australian Shepherd
F2 F1 Texas Heeler F1 Texas Heeler
F3 F2 Texas Heeler F2 Texas Heeler

As previously stated, genetics is something of a lottery when breeding this dog, for that reason later generations (i.e. F3, F4, F5 etc…) have a more consistent appearance and temperament.

By selectively breeding dogs together that have a good blend of the desired temperament and appearance, this allows you to get a more predictable hybrid.

Consistent breeding, also allows for the dog to develop pedigree status as you need to have four generations of “purebred” parents to be considered a pedigree by any kennel club.

4. Both Parent Breeds Are Aloof Cattle Dogs

Australian Cattle Dog
The Australian Cattle Dog (pictured above) is one half of the Texas Heeler

In order to better understand the temperament of the Texas Heeler, it may be beneficial to understand the temperament of its two parents.

Australian Cattle Dog Temperament

Like most working dogs, the Australian Cattle Dog is known to be aloof and distant, they are not overly affectionate dogs, preferring instead to please their owners through work.

Despite this, they are incredibly loyal dogs, loving nothing more than to be at their owner’s side.

This dog does not do well with children and other non-human animals, as on occasion they may attempt to herd them. They also show other undesirable behaviors when under-stimulated, such as biting, barking and chasing.

Australian Shepherd Temperament

The Australian Shepherd, the other half of this hybrid cattle dog, was first bred to heard livestock too (specifically sheep and cattle).

They are loving with their owners but can be shy and aloof with strangers. Despite, this, they love to play, and will happily spend all day in your garden playing fetch.

In fact, Aussie Dogs are often called “Velcro dogs”, as they are happiest by their owners’ side. They do well in families with older children as their playful and excitable nature can lead to accidents as they do not know their own strength.

5. Their Name Is A Match Made In Heaven

Australian Shepherd
The Australian Shepherd (pictured above) is the other half of the Texas Heeler

The Australian Cattle Dog Was First Called “Heeler” In 19th Century Australia, since then, they have made their way into ranches across the world, including America in the mid-20th Century.

Often nicknamed “The Aussie”, the Australian Shepherd is actually an American dog breed and was first seen in Texas.

Combining these two parents’ names together we get the Texas Heeler.

6. The Texas Heeler Has A Rescue Association

Texas Heeler Mix

If you are interested in adopting one of these Heeler dogs, but would prefer to rescue rather than buy a puppy, then there are multiple organizations set up to help with this:

  • The Texas Cattle Dog Rescue rehomes these dogs all over America.
  • The Australian Cattle Dog Rescue Association also re-homes this dog by working with local shelters to advertise dogs on their website.

If you are considering adoption, then make sure to read our adoption guide.

7. The Texas Heeler Temperament Is Loyal And Dedicated

Texas Heeler Puppy Eating
This dog can get along with other pets but this is not common

Like with their genetic lottery-appearance, it is hard to predict the temperament of a mixed breed dog as it can vary massively from litter to litter. This is one of the reasons why mixed breed and hybrid dogs aren’t recognized by kennel clubs.

In most cases, it comes down to the temperament of the parents.

When looking for a puppy, be sure to observe the mother and her temperament. You should try to do this with the father too (if possible), but in most breeding programs, the father is just a stud so won’t physically be there.

In most instances, the Texas Heeler temperament is loyal and dedicated. They are perfectly designed to work ranches in Western America, their drive to work is at the forefront of their temperament.

They are not known for barking, only barking when they feel threatened. Because of this, they make excellent watchdogs, protecting their families.

Texas Heelers get along well with children, but as with their parents they may show herding behavior with younger children. Consequently, this dog should be kept with children aged ten and up.

This dog does not do well when housed with other non-human pets, as they tend to chase them as they would rogue cattle.

8. The Texas Heeler Has A Low Maintenance Coat

Texas Heeler Dog

Texas Heelers are known to be very low maintenance dogs when it comes to grooming.

Often, they have short, stiff and straight coats, but they can occasionally be longer and thicker, these shorter coats require weekly brushing and even more infrequent bathing.

Nails will need clipping every few weeks if they are not being worn down through exercise.

Some of these dogs may be touch sensitive (like their parent cattle dogs), so you should try to establish a grooming routine as early as possible so that he or she knows what to expect.

However, some may be the complete opposite, taking after the Australian Shepherd, and love being touched on their paws and may not require desensitizing.

Regardless, a weekly grooming routine where you brush your dog’s fur and teeth is never a bad idea and helps to build a strong bond between the two of you.

9. This Dog Is Recognized By Three Kennel Clubs

Texas Heeler Feature
The best adjectives to describe this dog are: loyal, active and dependable

As the Texas Heeler is a crossbreed (i.e. hybrid), it is not recognized by any major Kennel club (e.g. Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club).

It is however, recognized by smaller kennel clubs and associations including:

  • Animal Research Foundation (ARF)
  • Dog Registry of America (DRA)
  • American Canine Hybrid Club (ACHC)

Despite the breeds popularity, they do not have an official breed club or standard.

10. This Is A Dog Of Many Names…

Texas Heeler Puppy

Even among fans of the breed, there is some confusion about names of the Texas Heeler.

As a result of this confusion, it means litters of puppies are often misadvertised as Texas Heelers when they are actually of another breed type.

This is common for dog breeds without official breed clubs or standards as their is no central point of authority on the topic or assured breeders scheme.

With no affiliated or assured breeders scheme, advocated for by an official breed club, to help with the search for Texas Heeler puppies, it can be quite difficult to find one.

Therefore, when looking for a puppy it is important to know what is a Texas Heeler and was isn’t.

Common Misconceptions
Some people believe that the “Queensland Heeler” refers to a Texas Heeler. However, this name refers to a bloodline of Australian Cattle Dogs from Queensland.

There is also some confusion around the terminology “Blue” and “Red” Heeler.

Often, people confuse the terms and think the Blue Heeler refers to a Texas Heeler as they are blue and of the heeler breed type.

However, this is also incorrect, as a Blue Heeler is a nickname given to the Australian Cattle Dog.

Dog Breed Nick Names
Texas Heeler Texas Cattle Dog
Australian Cattle Dog Blue Heeler, Original Cattle Dog, Queensland Heelers
Australian Shepherd The Aussie

11. They Love Swimming

Texas Heeler Swimming
This dog does like a dip on occasion

Texas Heelers were bred to do a job, they are working dogs; consequently they do not do well with being bored.

The greatest joy in their life is running free and having a purpose. By coincidence, this just happens to be the best form of exercise for these dogs.

They love to run free across fields and forests, channeling their chasing instincts.

Texas Heelers need around 60 to 90 minutes of physical exercise daily, ideally split into two walks.

Giving this dog a job to do is a good idea, even if that job is something as basic as trick training!

Teach your dog to fetch you items or to clean up their toys, as this will be fun and rewarding.

Hiking is another fun pastime for these dogs. Any individual or family that can take this dog on regular hikes will ensure a great quality of life.

12. They Have Three Major Health Concerns

Texas Heeler Portrait

Like all dogs, there is the potential for health issues with this breed, there are three main health concerns to be aware of:

  1. These dogs can develop hip and/or elbow dysplasia, which is seen in other large dogs. This is caused by incorrect formation of the cartilage in the hip or elbow joint, from either genetics or trauma.
  2. They can develop a condition called Distichiasis, whilst uncommon, this condition is where an eyelash or eyelashes grow on the inside of the eyelid.
  3. The final health concern is Progressive Retinal Atrophy. This is a series of conditions that cause eventual blindness and is incurable.

Texas Heelers live long lives, usually living to be between 12 and 15 years.

13. They Were First Registered As A Breed In 1970

Texas Heeler Dog and Cat

Although the Texas Heeler is a popular hybrid dog, the exact origin of the dog is unknown.

It is thought that the first Texas Heeler was registered to the Dog Registry of America in 1970 by Lucy Guynes.

Since then, over the past 50 years, their popularity has grown exponentially (especially in South West America) due to their skill at cattle herding.

Interestingly, the first Australian Cattle Dog was registered in the USA in 1980, and the first Australian Shepherd in 1993 (both after the Heeler).

14. They Need a High Protein Diet

Texas Cattle Dog Puppy

Texas Heelers are known for many things (most of which you have learnt above), but fussy eating isn’t one of them.

They need around three cups of high quality, dog food each day. If possible, try to pick a food specifically tailored for active dogs.

Due to their active nature, they may need a higher energy diet than other dogs.

Their high protein dietary requirements (of around 20%) means whatever they eat, meat should be the primary ingredient.

For this reason, owners may wish to consider feeing their pets raw food, or the BARF diet.


We hope you have enjoyed learning more about the Texas Heeler.

This dog combines the working drive of both breeds, with the loving Australian Shepherd and the enthusiasm with the Australian Cattle Dog.

These dogs should be owned by experienced and active people only, be that a family with older children, singles or couples.

A lack of stimulation, both physical and mental can lead to destructive and undesirable behavior.

This working hybrid remains a firm favorite of many, a loyal working canine companion.

Do you have a Texas Heeler at home? Let us know your thoughts on this breed below.

John Woods Headshot
John Woods is the Founder of All Things Dogs and leads our editorial team as our Editor in Chief. A member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers, he has been a dog lover since he was 13 years old. John is parent to Nala, a working lab retriever. John has also volunteered at multiple animal shelters, where he gained firsthand experience of rehabilitation and force-free positive reinforcement training methods.
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  1. I’m in complete love with my Texas heeler. Oh yes! It’s often said “Who saved Who?” I truly know the correct reply to that question. Loyal , protective, intelligent, sensitive to my quirks, and won’t ever let me feel down. She’s just a wonderful companion and the sloppy dog kisses… can’t get enough of them. If I didn’t know better, I would say she’s human. An absolute gift of tremendous love and I really needed her.

  2. Our Australian cattle dog Missy is the sweetest and most lovely dog. She has to be with me every moment of the day. We go to the dog park two times a day and my husband walks her in morning. Missy is very intelligent and a real family dog that wants to be with us all time. She is most loveable dog I ever had!

  3. When my Heeler is sitting in my lap the wife will come up to love on her and she will snap at her. We got her at 3 1/2 years old from the pound, what can we do?

    • How is the relationship between your dog and your wife at other times? Does your dog spend more time with you? Do they do anything together? It would be essential to prevent the opportunity for this to happen. So, whether you no longer have the Heeler on your lap, or if you do, your wife doesn’t interfere. Separate to this, it would appear that your wife and the Heeler need to spend more time having positive interactions together. So, can your wife try training some new tricks/commands, or play for 10 minutes each day? Building their relationship is essential. If she was from the pound, we are unsure of her experiences and how easily she learns to trust. Focus on positive reinforcement and reward based training and don’t put either of them in the position where your Heeler feels she needs to snap. If things worsen then please seek the advice of a force-free trainer in your area.

  4. We adopted out Texas Heeler, Dixie, as a puppy. She is an absolute gem. She has 5 acres to roam and loves to heed our horses and neighbors cattle. She is the sweetest most loyal dog we’ve ever had. She is wonderful with our 6 year old daughter and has been nothing but sweet and gentle with her. She’s protective but not aggressive. Dixie is also exceptionally loving and kind to our Senior Labrador. Love this breed and she will always be a special member of our family.

  5. Our dog was a pup when rescued by an Australian Shepherd Rescue program. Her name is Flint. She is so sweet. Her “sister” is Steel and was rescued from a shelter at six years old. She may be a Texas Heeler as we adopted her in New Mexico. She is darling and had been the shelter’s temperament dog for compatibility testing. They are people oriented and great with kids over 8. We love them both dearly, along with our cat, Spark.

  6. Bought our Texas heeler for $100. She’s a dork, but we love her, would recommend for families or just as a companion, beware of shedding though.

  7. Our Texas Heeler, Bucket, is the sweetest dog! He loves to exercise and have fun, but is the sweetest little cuddler. He is very smart and was easy to train. We love this guy so much!

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