Cavapoo Breed Information, Breeders, Appearance and Temperament

The Cavapoo dog, sometimes known as a Cavoodle is not a pure bred dog. It is a cross breed of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Miniature or Toy Poodle. They are renowned for being friendly, sociable and family pets.

He first appeared in Australia in the late 1990’s. Popularity has soared and it hasn’t taken long for them to cross the water into the States and the UK.

Anyone who has owned this adorable mix knows how gentle and loving these little guys can be.

They make brilliant family pets, their gentle nature suits children of all ages. Checking all the boxes of a perfect family pet, these guys are gentle and placid. They will curl up on the sofa, but equally go running in the woods. Their intelligence makes them highly trainable; a general good all rounder.

So are you tempted by these happy natured pooches?

Let’s see where they came from, what it takes to look after them and what owners, or potential owners should look out for when it comes to their health.

Quick Summary and Facts
Breed Type Mixes and More
Purpose Companion and Family Pet
Size 9 to 14” inches to the withers
Weight 7 to 18 pounds – depending on whether they were crossed with toy or miniature poodle
Lifespan 10 to 14 years
Color Gold, black, white, Blenheim(brown and white), or tricolor (black, white and tan)
Temperament Affectionate, friendly, loyal, gentle, playful and social
Daily Exercise Will happily walk for up to 60 minutes a day when fully matured
Activity Level High
Daily Food Consumption Between 300 and 600 once mature and 480 to 950 as a puppy
Known Health Issues Luxating patella, Heart Defects, Eye Conditions and Hip dysplasia

Breed Overview

Cavapoo Puppy
The Cavapoo was bred to be a family or companion dog; boasting a relatively low shedding coat – much more suitable for those with allergies.

These guys first appeared in Australia in the late 1990’s and have since become one of the most popular breeds in Australia.

Fun Fact

There are many Australian celebrities who boast a Cavapoo member of the family, including Julia Gillard, the Former Prime Minister and also Dr. Lisa Chimes, also known as the Bondi Vet!

Of course, it doesn’t take long for popular breeds to make their way around the world. They are becoming more and more popular in the States and UK alike.

A Cavapoo puppy is born once a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle mate. For a puppy you can expect to pay anything between $1,200 and $1,800. Litter size varies from anywhere between 2-8 puppies.

For us to understand a little bit more about this crossbreed, we’ll have a quick look at it’s parents; the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and The Poodle!

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle Mix History

How to Make a Cavapoo
These adorable balls of fluff come in a range of colors including gold, black, white, Blenheim and even tricolored. With it being a hybrid, it’s not always clear whether you will end up with a wavy or curly coat. One thing is for sure, these small bears will melt your heart.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier Spaniel originated in the Roman Times. They were perfect lap dogs and feet warmers. King Charles II took a strong interest in these gentle, loving pooches in the 1700’s and from then on, they were known as the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

They are playful and energetic, but wholeheartedly loyal and loving! As they are so placid, they are perfect for all!

Being super people orientated they don’t tolerate being left alone. If you happen to make this mistake, expect loud barking and destruction!

For a small dog, they can be incredibly energetic and will happily walk for hours. They just love to be with you.

For a spaniel, they can be quite greedy and most owners report difficulty managing their Cavvy’s weight. This also doesn’t help when we consider the health issues associated with obesity and those they are more predisposed to such as; hip dysplasia and mitral valve disease (i.e. heart issues).

We also know that the Cavvy’s have a range of other health problems including: luxating patella, syringomyelia and a range of eye and ear problems. Not surprisingly we see these issues coming through in the Cavapoo so we’ll consider these in more detail later in the article.

So we’ve met the one parent – let’s have a look at the other one, the Poodle.

The Poodle

Standard Cream Poodle

Poodles come in three sizes:

  1. Standard
  2. Miniature
  3. Toy

A Cavapoo must be parented by either a toy or miniature poodle as opposed to a standard.

This is due to the small size of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel that it would be mated with.

Poodles are generally loved for their high levels of intelligence and their tight curly coat which is usually better tolerated by allergy sufferers. They rank a fairly high 7 out of 194 for popularity with the American Kennel Club.

A toy poodle will grow to around 11” in height and between 4 to 6lbs in weight. A miniature poodle will grow to between 10-15” in height and between 10 to 15lbs in weight.

Poodles are energetic little guys and love their walks. Due to their levels of intelligence they also thrive on brain games; you will never have a dull moment with a Poodle.

These pooches are also extremely people orientated, so don’t tolerate being left alone. These guys will bark and cry excessively if left and also chew. A strong, consistent routine with plenty of stimulation is essential for these intelligent dogs.

We also know that the poodles can suffer with a range of health problems including: hip dysplasia, eye issues, epilepsy, sebaceous adenitis and von Willebrand’s disease.

Positive attributes and negative faults of a Poodle and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Positive Breed Attributes Negative Breed Faults
Cavvy’s are playful with bags full of energy whilst being wholeheartedly loyal. Neither breed is known for tolerating being left alone and will cry excessively.
Poodles have a intelligence level and are usually better tolerated by allergy sufferers. Both these guys have many known health issues which may be inherited by your puppy.

In a perfect world, your pooch will have the intelligence and hypoallergenic coat from a Poodle whilst keeping the energy, loyalty and playfulness of the Cava.

So let’s have a look what has been produced with the cross-breeding of these two pooches.

Cavapoo Temperament and Behavior

Characteristic Rating
Friendliness 5 Star Rating for Friendliness
Ease of Care 4 Star Rating for Ease of Care
Trainability 5 Star Rating for Trainability
Exercise Requirements 4 Star Rating for Exercise Requirements
Social Tendencies 5 Star Rating for Social Tendencies

The Cavapoo is a dependable addition to any family helping them build stronger bonds. They will be gentle and loving with those babies, yet energetic and interesting with those teenagers. They have kept that spirited happiness of the poodle!

The fuzzy faced teddy bears won’t make an enemy of anyone; always wanting to please.

The adaptability of these pooches means they suit most home environments. As long as they have their daily walk in the park, they will cope in an apartment. Equally, they will gladly chase those squirrels off the fences around that farm.

Due to their sociable nature, they won’t tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. These guys are known for suffering separation anxiety. Barking, howling, crying, chewing and pacing are all signs to watch out for.

Top Tip

They are generally tolerant of all children, but it must be remembered that all living creatures have their limits, so owners should be mindful to always supervise dogs and children to avoid any potential disasters.

Most Cavapoos are sociable with other dogs and are happy to cohabit with other animals; this does also depend on the early socialization of pup. We’ll look at this in more detail later in the article.

So you’re still tempted by this adorable ball of fluff?

Let’s see what it takes to care of this dog on a daily basis.

Care Guide

Food and Diet Requirements

Dogs Feeding
Once matured, you should expect to feed your dog between 300 and 600 calories.

Although these guys can range from 7-18 lbs in weight, they would still be defined as a small breed. Generally, small breeds can utilize 40 calories per pound of body weight per day.

You should be aiming to feed your pooch between 300 and 600 calories per day (see table below).

The dog food market is a minefield, with the options of kibble, canned, dehydrated and raw.

Do your research, speak with other owners and breeders to see what they are feeding and what they recommend. Speak with your veterinarian. Manufacturers will include their own feeding guide which will indicate the correct amounts to feed your dog on a daily basis.

Consider whether the food you are feeding your pooch meets his daily nutrient guidelines. For example, mature dogs should be fed at least 1 gram per pound of body weight.

Ensure your pooch is maintaining an appropriate weight for his breed. Use a grow chart or you should be able to see a waistline, feel his ribs and he should have an hourglass figure from a birds eye view.

Calorie intake of a Cavapoo
Adult Puppy
300 to 600 calories 480 to 950 calories


Thanks to the issues of obesity in their parent Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, some Cavapoos can be predisposed to weight gain. Speak with your veterinarian if you have concerns over your dog’s weight.

Exercise Requirements

A Cavapoo lying down waiting to go on a walk
They will grow to anywhere between 9-14” in height and depending on whether it was crossed with a toy or miniature poodle, they can weigh anywhere between 7-18 lbs.

He will be a gentle and mellow dog; but, thanks to his poodle parent, he still loves to run through the woods!

He is happy with anything between 30-60 minutes of daily exercise before collapsing on the sofa to watch TV. They really are an adaptable, laid back dog and will fit in with your lifestyle.

Their high intelligence means they excel at brain games when they’re not out walking or playing in the yard.

Just be careful not to use too many food based games with their predisposition to over eating – unless of course you split their daily meals into game rewards.

Training Requirements

The Cavapoo is highly trainable – the whole family can get involved.

These guys thrive with positive, reward based training. We know that using verbal reinforcement, e.g. “who’s a good girl?” and reward, results in a more responsive and stable dog.

Several studies have highlighted the impact of using negative reinforcement and punishment when training dogs; specifically resulting in aggressive behaviors resulting from fear and anxiety.

In order to have well-rounded, stable dog, early socialization is vital. This means introducing them to everything the world has to offer, in a safe environment. Your pup needs to meet different people; children and adults.

They need to meet animals; domestic and farm. They also need to experience all those noisy machines, appliances and equipment around them. As they grow, they are less likely to respond out of fear because they have already met them, and survived.

Grooming Requirements

Grooming your Dog
Your Cavapoo will require daily grooming if you allow his coat to grow. This is to avoid knots and tangles. He can also be clipped by a groomer every 8-10 weeks to keep a nice, tidy short coat.

As they are a crossbreed you can never be entirely sure on the coat that your pup will end up with.

Generally, they will have either a curly or wavy coat which will grow quite long if you let it. These guys will require regular brushing to prevent knots and tangles forming, especially in their arm pits and where their harness/collar sits.

Most owners visit a grooming salon every 8-10 weeks to have their pooch professionally groomed and clipped. As they are a hybrid, there isn’t a standard grooming style for these pooches, but most owners have a teddy bear clip. Keeping their body and legs relatively short, with a round face. Most owners tend to keep the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel style ears; long and straight. Perfect for soaking up food and water.

You should regularly check your pooches ears, especially with their Cavvy parent being prone to ear infections. Wipe their eyes with a clean, damp cloth and these guys will require frequent teeth cleaning. If you start grooming from a young age, you shouldn’t have any issues carrying out these essential health checks.

Breed Appearance

Appearance of The Breed

They are often described as a fuzzy faced teddy bear. Their adorable appearance melts everyone’s heart. On the whole, Cavapoos have three coat types:

  • Hair
  • Fleece – most common
  • Wool

Fleece coats are the most common coat type. They have a very loose wave or curl to them and are very soft and smooth to touch. These are low shedding coats and can be clipped regularly for low maintenance.

Hair coats present as quite rough and wiry – almost terrier looking. Dogs with a hair coat will shed more than the other coat types, but require less grooming overall as the coat doesn’t grow as long.

Wool coats are also low shedding, and due to the tight curls, they don’t release as much pet dander as other coat types. These are much better suited to those with allergies. These coats will grow so require either daily brushing or frequent clipping to maintain.

Cavapoos are generally seen in the following colors:

  • Gold
  • Black
  • White
  • Blenheim (Brown and White)
  • Tricolor (Black, White and Tan)

You will find there are two sizes – depending on whether the first poodle parent was a toy or miniature poodle.

Known Health Problems of this Cava Mix

Health Issues With This Dog
The parents of this cross-breed suffered a range of health issues including; hip dysplasia, sebaceous adenitis, von Willebrand’s disease and mitral valve disease.

Despite the hope of out-breeding these negative health qualities, some health issues are still prevalent in the Cavapoo including:

Luxating patella – this is when the kneecap moves out of it’s normal location. This is a common problem in small breeds due to their congenitally shallower trochlear groove.

Heart Defects – Mitral Valve Disease is common due to the prevalence of this condition in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel ancestry.

Eye Conditions – again progressive retinal atrophy is an inherited condition. It does eventually lead to blindness.

Hip dysplasia – this is when there is improper growth or development in the hip joint. The weak joint becomes arthritic and unstable and can become severely debilitating.

Do your research with breeders and establish what health checks have been carried out on the parents; specifically hip scoring in the poodles and and heart and eye tests in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.


The king of crossbreeds boasting the intelligence of its poodle parent and the loving, gentle nature of its Cavalier King Charles Spaniel parent.

This fuzzy faced teddy bear will fit in with most families; dependable enough to be around a baby yet energetic enough to play ball in the yard with the teenager.

He will happily walk for up to 60 minutes a day then come and crash out on the sofa.

He is highly trainable, responding well to positive reinforcement and rewards. Early socialization will ensure you have a well-rounded pup.

This adaptable, friendly pooch will have everyone eating out of the palm of his paw.

Have you previously owned this pooch? What was your experience? Please feel free to comment using the form below.

John Woods Headshot
John Woods is the Founder of All Things Dogs and leads our editorial team as our Editor in Chief. A member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers, he has been a dog lover since he was 13 years old. John is parent to Nala, a working lab retriever. John has also volunteered at multiple animal shelters, where he gained firsthand experience of rehabilitation and force-free positive reinforcement training methods.

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  1. We have a 1 year old Cavapoo and he is the friendliest, sweetest, most adorable dog I’ve ever met. Lovely with strangers, other dogs, young kids, etc. He does need ~30 mins – 1 hour of running around outside daily, though. Lots of energy.

  2. I have a Cavapoo. She is super friendly and loads of fun. Her goofy personality makes everyone smile. She is very intelligent. She learns tricks quickly. This is an awesome breed.

  3. I bought a 8 week old cavapoo, after just over a week I can safely say he was almost house trained. He is now 14 weeks and has learned to fetch, sit, lay and stay. During weekday he stays home alone for 6 hours, provided the TV is on (cartoon channel). I monitor his activity via a remote camera on my phone. Cavapoo’s are just so lovable you never have enough with them around.

  4. My cavapoo just turned 4months and his vet is already asking me about neutering i have done my research and im stuck in the middle i look at all sides, but i would like to know if any of you did it and did it change your dog in any way? Thank you☺🐶

  5. We have a 3 year old cavapoo more the pet child in the family .
    Super intelligent loving and adorable bundle of joy. Yes he’s stolen everybody’s heart. He is the love of our life.
    Only issue is his eating habit .. we have to force feed him .
    He loves the treats but his pedigree is a no no. We have to soak smash his food and feed him . Any advice will be very helpful .

    • Hi Anita,

      Generally, CKCS are renowned for their love of food. Poodles on the other hand, can be quite fussy. You could have just ended up with more Poodle than Cav in your pooch. It could simply be a case that he isn’t too excited about the particular food you are feeding? Have you tried alternative foods?

      Ensure you are feeding a high quality food which meets his nutritional requirements. It’s also worth considering if he has any digestive discomfort after eating which could deter him from wanting to eat? If you are concerned about his eating habits, please arrange to see your Veterinarian.

      Do you leave his food out for him? With fussy eaters, it can help to place the food down and if it’s not eaten within 10-15 minutes, pick it up so he has to wait until the next mealtime. When you are doing this, it pays to have a routine so he knows when the next meal is coming. For example, if you are feeding twice a day, he may have his food at 7am and 6pm. If he hasn’t eaten it by 7.15am, pick it up and try him with fresh food at 6pm.

      Also, be mindful to not overfeed treats. Whilst you may feel guilty that he isn’t eating and therefore give him treats so he at least eats something; he’s just getting full from his treats.

    • My husband and I have a 7 month old Cavapoo, Sophie. She is such a joy to us. We got her about 10 months after loosing our 16.5 year Pomeranian. I felt guilty getting another dog and “replacing” Codi, but we were in love the minute we met her. She is loveable, playful, intelligent and great with adults, children and other animals. Our only problem with her is her non-interest in dog food. She is a bit underweight due to this problem. I went through five different, highly rated and expensive brands dog food with no luck. My vet suggested I give her a product called Nutra Cal, a gel like substance that provides dogs with extra calories and vitamins that are missing from their diet. Luckily, Sophie likes the taste of this gel and will lick it off of my fingers. Good luck with finding a food for your pup that he/she likes. It can be difficult, but there is something healthy out there that will work. It is hard not just giving them human that they will eat, but so important you don’t. They need the proper nutrients that the dog food provides.

    • My cavapoo can be picky as well. I’ll cook carrots and sweet potatoes (no seasoning) and I mix it with her dog food. She loves it! And it’s good for her.

  6. I am wondering about a Cavapoo mated with another Cavapoo. Would the offspring still be of Cavapoo quality with essentially the parents being two mixed breeds? Thoughts? Thank you.

  7. Oh my gosh thank so much. I am getting a dog but I wasn’t sure on the Cavapoo. But now, having read this, I have made final decision I want a Cavapoo. You have helped me, so much thank you.

    • Hi Tully, I can safely say that you won’t ever regret choosing a Cavapoo as your new family member. We’ve had our Bella for 13 months and she has made our house a home. As I type this, she’s in the middle of our bed getting cuddles from her Daddy. She’s our fur daughter and the light of our lives. We have two teenage children who honest feel like she’s their baby sister. She comes on the school runs and wags her tail at her adoring public along the way. She comes on holiday in our caravan and spilts her sleeping time between the adults and the children. She’s absolutely, the single best decision we made this decade. Go for it Tully, you’ll never regret it xx

  8. My baby is five months old and he loves to stay outsider, close to the back door of course, not too far from mommy. My question is, we live in North Carolina and the temperature is dropping to around mid 40’s and he loves it but, I’m afraid it’s too cold for him. Thoughts on cold weather, please.

  9. Thank you for this article. We are looking for a family dog and we have now decided on a cavapoo. Does anyone have a recommendation on breeders preferably in the south Florida area? We don’t want to get one from a pet shop.

  10. We are looking for a new puppy and thinking about this breed. We have a 12 year old mixed breed (14 pounds) who is good with other dogs (from the reports we get from doggy daycare, etc). Does anyone have any experience introducing their Cavapoo to an older dog at home? Any concerns in doing so?

  11. I did a lot of research on dog breeds, considering I wanted a dog with minimal shedding and small to medium plus loving and great with kids. I was between the bichonpoo and Cavapoo until I met a Cavapoo up front and just fell in love. We purchased are baby girl pumpkin at 10 weeks old and has been with us for almost two weeks now, she is almost fully house broken! As soon as I get all the vaccines this week will also begin taking her to puppy training classes! She is so loving but they do have energy so a good play with the ball and walks everyday is good for them.

  12. I have this dog. She just turned two March 13th 2020. She is such a loving dog. Loves to run and play. She is very good with kids. Training is a breeze. I must say, anyone wanting one of those breeds will not be disappointed. Bailey just loves to be in your lap for her cuddles. She is now sitting at 28 Lb. She loves to run in the back yard with her ball. She loves to ride in the car and go camping. She just wants to be with Mommy and Daddy all the time. Cavapoos are so loving and friendly you will not be disappointed in this breed.

  13. Miss Marple is now six months old and I don’t think we could love her anymore than we do. My husband was reluctant to get a puppy, and now he is completely in love. Our only problem is, that there isn’t enough of her to go around, we all want her. Like some of the other Cavapoo owners, Missy has become very dis-interested in her food, we feed her dry & pouch. However, we have found one thing that she absolutely can not resist. Tinned smoked mackerel (no bones, no skin) in sunflower oil. We put a bit of dry biscuit with it for her teeth, and WOOF, it’s gone. Great for her coat too.
    Finally, we have considered getting another girl cavapoo puppy. Does anyone know or have experience introducing another puppy to a household. Life is very good, Missy is perfect & happy, would hate to risk it by bringing another puppy into the home, but we are thinking Missy might live a playmate.

    • Many owners introduce more than one dog to the household, but we would be more reluctant with the young age of Miss Marple. What an awesome name by the way. At 6 months, she still has some developing and maturing to do, and as you know young puppies take a lot of work. It would be sad that the attention spent on either puppy (Miss Marple is still a puppy), would detract from the other one learning vital skills. Some owners who bring home two puppies at the same time report issues, research littermate syndrome if you are interested. Whilst they are not technically littermates, they would still both be very young at the same time. What if you waited until Miss Marple was fully matured, around 12 months or so and then considered it? She would have also learned more appropriate social skills so more likely to accept a new puppy in a positive and role model worthy way.

  14. Can cavapoos be trained as service dogs? I know poodles are trainable. I’ve also read that terrier breeds, labs, pitties and a few others seem to have the innate ability to detect seizures. Is this quality frequently found in cavapoos as well? Thank you

    • Hi Tara, typically service dogs are selected based on breed and temperament by the organisation licensed to train them. The selection of breed and temperament is normally due to predictability. CCI typically use Retrievers (labrador and golden), I would be surprised if they started to use Cavapoos. Please would you confirm if you mean service dog or emotional support animal?

  15. We have a 3 yr old male cavapoo and he is the most gentle lovable dog I’ve ever had! I have not one complaint about this breed. We have a 2.5 yr old who can be a bit much with him but he’s never nipped or even growled at her. GREAT family pet for all ages!!

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